In an era increasingly defined by unilateral action, the United Nations (UN) has been striving to uphold diplomatic efforts amidst evolving conflicts and their ongoing consequences. This vital role has become more difficult due to myriad global challenges, ranging from climate change to migration crises, exacerbated by the global pandemic and subsequent socio-economic fallout.
While the UN has been recognized as a central conduit for these endeavours, it has frequently faced criticism for its inability to effectively enforce international norms. Critiques revolve around the question of whether the current form of the UN can truly foster international cooperation and collaboration in the face of mounting global complexities.
Moreover, the spread of geopolitical tensions and regional conflicts, amplified by rising new global powers and technological disruptions, present substantial challenges to international peace and security. This necessitates the reinstatement and strengthening of multilateral mechanisms and platforms to effectively address these international challenges.
This session will focus on assessing the utility and potential of multilateralism when confronting these layered challenges, alongside assessing the opportunities
and stumbling blocks for fortifying international cooperation. Additionally, it will explore how the United Nations can be reformed in ways to enhance its effectiveness, transparency, and democratic principles, and address the role it should play in regional events such as the Israel-Palestine and Russia-Ukraine conflicts.
- What are potential UN reforms that could garner widespread and what should such reforms include?
- What role should the United Nations play in regional events such as Israel-Palestine and Russia-Ukraine conflicts?
- What is the significance of multilateral institutions in overcoming complex geopolitical tensions and promoting a more stable and prosperous global order?
- How can the UN’s enhanced democracy, effectiveness and transparency help resolve conflicts and promote peace?