Rapidly changing socio-political dynamics and shifting alliances mean that nations no longer rely solely on traditional diplomacy to communicate or achieve foreign policy objectives. Humanitarian diplomacy is a diplomatic approach based on protecting the interests of the most vulnerable within the framework of respect for humanitarian principles. The use of humanitarian diplomacy has been on the increase and has become one of the primary means of socioeconomic development in many regions of the world, creating a ‘win-win’ situation for both the countries receiving aid and those providing it. However, not all international initiatives and socio-economic development models have contributed to poverty reduction and shared prosperity. There has been recurrent criticism regarding this, and there remain numerous challenges when it comes to achieving inclusive development.